Question: What Is Shwetambar Jain?

What is Digambaras and Svetambaras?

Jains are divided into two major sects; the Digambara (meaning sky clad) sect and the Svetambara (meaning white clad) sect.

Each of these sects is also divided into subgroups.

The two sects agree on the basics of Jainism, but disagree on: details of the life of Mahavira..

Why is Jainism divided into two sects?

The division occurred mainly due to famine in Magadha which compelled a group led by Bhadrabahu to move South India. … After the end of famine, when the Southern group came back to Magadha, the changed practices led to the division of Jainism into two sects. Digambara. Monks of this sect believe in complete nudity.

Why do Jains cover their mouths?

Here it is to be noted that Jain monks wear the Muhapatti to avoid unwittingly kill the insects or living beings through the process of breathing. A muhapatti is used to cover the mouth. Some people tie it to cover their mouth, while others hold it in their hand and use it to cover their mouth while speaking.

Which religion is richest in India?

Jains are the wealthiest religious community in India. Delhi and Punjab are the richest states. Bihar is the poorest. These are the findings of the fourth round of National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4), recently released by the ministry of health and family welfare.

Why Jains do not wear clothes?

Monks of this sect reject all worldly possessions in order to live a totally ascetic life. Because they are allowed no possessions whatsoever they live without clothes and go “skyclad”, which means naked. … Their nakedness is also a statement that they are beyond feelings such as modesty and shame.

Who founded Jainism?

MahaviraJainism was born in India about the same period as Buddhism. It was established by Mahavira (c. 599 – 527 BC) in about 500 B. C. He was born near Patna in what is now Bihar state. Mahavira like Buddha belonged to the warrior caste.

What do the Jains believe in?

Jains believe in reincarnation and seek to attain ultimate liberation – which means escaping the continuous cycle of birth, death and rebirth so that the immortal soul lives for ever in a state of bliss. Liberation is achieved by eliminating all karma from the soul. Jainism is a religion of self-help.

Do Jain monks take bath?

Jain monks and nuns only take sponge baths, since bathing wastes a lot of water; they wear frugal clothes that they tailor themselves and go begging for their needs. … Water shouldn’t be wasted at all. They don’t have a bath throughout their life.

What is Jain diet?

Jains are strict vegetarians but also do not eat root vegetables and some types of fruits. Some Jains are also vegans and exclude various types of green vegetables during periods of the month.

What is difference between Shwetambar and Digambar Jain?

According to Digambar Jains, Mallinath, the 19th Tirthankar was a male. On the other hand, according to Shwetambar sect, Tirthankar Mallinath was a female. Digambar monks are allowed to keep only 3 possessions, which are pinchi, kamandalu, and shastra. Shwetambar monks are allowed to keep 14 possessions.

What is Jain sadhu called?

Terminology. Digambaras use the word muṇi for male monastics and aryika for female monastics. Digambara monks are also called nirgrantha (without bonds).

What do Jain monks do during periods?

They don’t have a bath throughout their life,” says Jain. “During menstruation, they usually sit in a container of water on the fourth day, taking care that the water is later spilled on Earth. They use a mild soap to wash their clothes, once or twice a month.”

Can Jain drink milk?

For Jains, lacto-vegetarianism is mandatory. Food is restricted to that originating from plants, since plants have only one sense (‘ekindriya’) and are the least developed form of life, and dairy products. Food that contains even the smallest particles of the bodies of dead animals or eggs is unacceptable.

Why do Jains pluck their hair?

This practice called kaya klesh, a must for Jain monks who take the lifelong vow of diksha or monkhood, is now becoming popular among ordinary devotees as well. And excruciatingly painful as it might be, it is willfully undergone as a form of penance.

Who is the richest Jain in India?

Business leaders / top executivesAjit Gulabchand – leader of HCC Limited.Anand Jain – owner of Jai Corporations, Mumbai.Arun Jain – Chairman and Managing Director of Intellect Design Arena. … Vinay Jain – Mitthan Lal Marketing Ltd.Vinay Maloo – Chairman of Enso Group.Ambalal Sarabhai – Sarabhai group of Companies.More items…